Employee Job Satisfaction and Productivity Determinants
Definition of Job Satisfaction - Meeting employee job satisfaction is one of the determinants of increasing employee productivity. The definition of job satisfaction must be understood by company officials in managing their human resources.
All company activities are basically very dependent on human resources and need help from them. Therefore the company must understand the understanding of job satisfaction of every employee to maintain and increase employee loyalty.
Through an understanding of the meaning of job satisfaction and fulfillment of satisfaction in each individual, employees will provide the best in exchange for high productivity companies.
This indicates that there is influence of work satisfaction, a close relationship between motivation and employee job satisfaction.
Basically job satisfaction is an individual thing. This is because every individual has different and varied job satisfaction indicators. The more aspects that are in accordance with an employee's work, the greater the level of job satisfaction felt.
Based on this, many companies are looking for work satisfaction indicators through various sources such as job satisfaction journals or job satisfaction papers. The company also conducted a survey through a job satisfaction questionnaire for its human resources.
The step was taken as the company's development of its human resources with the hope of increasing productivity in each individual.
This step is inseparable from data on job satisfaction where 81% of workers in small businesses are satisfied with their work. Whereas only 68% of job satisfaction is felt in full-time workers or in large companies (Rutger University Survey, 2013).
Seeing the urgency about job satisfaction, especially in large companies, this article will discuss the understanding of the meaning of job satisfaction and factors that affect employee job satisfaction in a company.
12 Definition of Job Satisfaction According to Experts
Job satisfaction is one of the important aspects that affects the productivity of every individual / employee who works in a company. Job satisfaction is needed because most of human time is spent at the location where he works.
Therefore it is necessary to have a basic understanding of the notion of job satisfaction so that the feedback provided by management is right on target.
There are several definitions of job satisfaction expressed from various sources, the following explanation:
Job satisfaction is an emotional attitude that expresses pleasure and likes work.
This attitude is reflected in work morals, discipline and work performance. Feelings of job satisfaction are felt when in the work environment, outside the work environment, and a combination of the two.
Hani Handoko (2001)
The definition or understanding of job satisfaction is a pleasant emotional state or not when employees see the work done. Job satisfaction reflects each individual's sense of work.
The meaning of job satisfaction is a general attitude which is the result of a variety of specific attitudes towards several work factors, individual characteristics and relationships with groups outside the work environment.
Robbins and Judge (2008)
The definition of job satisfaction is a positive feeling about a job that comes from the evaluation results on its characteristics.
Susilo Martoyo (1992)
Martoyo stated that job satisfaction is an aspect of psychology that reflects what people feel in the work they do. Someone tends to feel job satisfaction when there is a match between the skills, skills, and desires of the work he is living.
According to Davis job satisfaction is the satisfaction of employees about the work they want related to their work.
Setiawan and Ghozali (2006)
The notion of job satisfaction is a pleasant condition that stems from a person's view of the work he is carrying out and related experience while he is working.
In his explanation Tiffin stated that job satisfaction is closely related to all employee behavior in the work he is carrying out, working conditions, cooperative relationships between leaders and employees.
Greenberg and Baron (2003)
Baron and Greenberg state that the notion of job satisfaction is a positive or negative attitude reflected by employees towards the work they live.
Luthans' view of job satisfaction is the result of employee views related to how the work they do in providing important value.
The description of job satisfaction is an attitude that is reflected by workers towards the work they are undertaking. This attitude emerged from their view of work.
Kreitner and Kinicki (2005)
Kinicki and Kreitner explained that job satisfaction as an effectiveness and emotional reaction to various factors of work.
Factors That Affect Job Satisfaction
Definition of Job Satisfaction 1
After understanding the notion of job satisfaction then the next important thing to know is about the factors that affect job satisfaction.
There are various factors that affect employee job satisfaction at his job / company where he works. Each factor has its own role in providing job satisfaction depending on the characteristics of each employee (Sutrisno, 2009).
Various sources discuss the factors that influence job satisfaction. Although different in the delivery but has almost the same meaning and meaning. Here are some factors that affect job satisfaction according to various sources:
When seen in outline there are 4 factors that affect job satisfaction. These factors can emerge and motivate employees' job satisfaction attitudes. These factors are:
Psychological factors are factors related to employee commitment to job satisfaction which include job calmness, interest, work attitude, talent and expertise.
In obtaining job satisfaction this factor is a factor related to social interaction between employees and superiors and subordinates. The better communication is established, the higher job satisfaction is felt.
Physical factors are factors related to the physical state of the workplace environment and the physical state of employees. Physical factors in their effects on job satisfaction such as type of work, work and rest time, facilities and infrastructure, work space conditions, health, age and so on.
All factors relating to guarantees for employee welfare include the system and the amount of salary, benefits, insurance, facilities, and all forms of promotion.